Info & Stats
Renault is a French car Manufacturer founded in 1899 by Louis Renault and his brothers Marcel and Fernand. Renault is part of the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance (meaning the three companies have a "cross sharing" agreement) since 2017.
Renault is a French car Manufacturer founded in 1899 by Louis Renault and his brothers Marcel and Fernand. Renault is part of the Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi alliance (meaning the three companies have a "cross sharing" agreement) since 2017. Prior to Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi it was the Renault-Nissan alliance that began in 1999.
The car produced in 1899 was a Renault Voituretre 1CV built by the brother's but with an engine from De Dion-Bouton manufacturer (that ceased in 19453). It wasn't until 1903 that Renault would begin to produce their own engines and by 1905 the Renault AG1 cars weee being sold on mass via a taxi company.
By 1907 both London and Paris taxi's had a large percentage of Renault built cars and by 1908 became the largest producer in France with 3575 cars sold.
The company went on to commercial vehicles, buses, military aircraft engines and ammunition whilst growing the car model lineup. These included the 6CV, 10CV, 15 CV, 18CV and 40CV. Then after the war came the Renault 4, 5, 6, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18 and Renault 20, with The Renault 5 Turbo being the sort after "boy racer" car.
BY the 1990's Renault had made several collaborations with Peugeot, Citroen, Volvo and General Motors, but it wan't until 1999 when the Renault Nissan alliance was formed that involved cross ownership and management. Renault was financially stable and took a 36.8% stake in Nissan for around £3 Billion, whilst Nissan to a 15% non voting stake in Renault.
Renault then took a 51% controlling stake in the Romanian Dacia brand in the same year and a controlling stake in Samsung Group automotive the following year 2000. However, by early 2000's, Renault decided to sell off some non core assets so they can concentrate on passenger cars. it established agreements with Daimler / Mercedes-Benz to exhange the renault 1.6 Diesel engine for Mercedes 2.0L petrol engine.
Today the Renault is a thriving brand (although not as dominant in the UK as it has been). It also owns a 43% stake in Nissan whilst the French government has around a 15% stake in Renault.
Did you know:
- In 1977, the company entered the Formula One as a constructor, introducing the turbo engine to F1 in its first car, the Renault RS01. Since its debut, the French car manufacturer was constantly involved in F1 as both constructor and engine supplier. Renaults very first F1 victory was achieved in 1980.
- The Renault RS01 was the first turbocharged Formula One car. All of its rivals used 3ltr n/a engines, but in 1977 Renault chose to exploit the rule that allowed turbo’d engines of up to 1.5ltr in capacity. Eventually their rivals would follow suit, but for the first couple of years it was so unreliable it earned the nickname ‘the yellow steam kettle’.
- Renault is known for its role in motor sport, particularly rallying, Formula 1 and Formula E. Its early work on mathematical curve modeling for car bodies is important in the history of computer graphics.
- Louis Renault was awarded the Legion of Honour for his company's contributions to the military.
- Until 2006, the 255bhp Clio V6 was the most powerful hatchback in the world.